How do self-regulatory organizations, such as ones acting for the futures industry and broker-dealers, steer clear of being deemed a government actor for purposes of the Constitution’s Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination, while at the same time coordinating with a governmental authority enough to avoid duplication or disruption?  When can respondents in such cases successfully

The SEC’s new Risk Alert provides valuable insight as to what the OCIE wants to see broker dealers and investment advisers accomplish with their privacy notices and their cybersecurity policies and procedures. The SEC wants this written documentation to be comprehensive, to accurately reflect the registrant’s practices, and to be implemented effectively throughout their business.

In an area of broker-dealer practices with relatively little guidance—the appropriate level of commissions or mark ups on securities trades—FINRA recently brought another in a series of cases that provides insight into the regulator’s view on additional transaction-based fees.  In this particular case, FINRA found that a broker-dealer characterized a $60.50 charge on its customer

In a case involving unsuitable variable annuity (VA) transactions, FINRA found that having good procedures and discovering improper conduct are not enough.  A member firm must also ensure that it has adequate supervisory systems in place to ensure that its procedures are properly implemented.  In this case, two of the firm’s registered representatives—who were independent